Population And Sample

[Insert your name]
School of Psychology, Capella University
PSY-FP5201: Integrative Project

Literature Review

[Insert your literature review. Make sure all revisions have been addressed. Use this space to introduce your research topic and describe the significance of your topic.]

Theoretical Orientation for the Research Concept

[This section identifies the theories or models that provide the foundation for the research. This section should present the theories or models and explain how the research problem under investigation relates to the theories or models. The theories or models guide the research questions and justify what is being measured (variables) as well as how those variables are related. Use models or theories from seminal sources that provide a reasonable conceptual framework or theoretical foundation to use in developing the research questions, identifying variables, and selecting data collection instruments.]

Review of the Literature

[The overall literature review reflects a foundational understanding of the theory or theories, literature, and research studies related to the topic. For this assignment, the literature review should reflect an effective understanding of the current state of research and literature on the topic. Discuss and synthesize studies related to the topic. Include studies describing and/or connecting the studies on related research such as factors associated with the themes; studies on the instruments used to collect data; studies on the broad population for the study; and/or studies similar to the proposed study. The themes presented and research studies discussed and synthesized in the review of literature demonstrate a working understanding of all aspects of the research topic.]

Synthesis of the Research Findings

[This section requires that you take the research findings discussed in the review of literature above and integrate the findings so that they overlap and create a new understanding of the issues that relate to your research topic.]

Critique of Previous Research Methods

[Synthesize and critique the various methodologies and designs that have been used in prior empirical research related to the study. Discuss why and how your research method and design is the most appropriate for addressing your research problem. You must include supporting examples with proper citation.]


[This section restates what was written above and provides supporting citations for key points. The summary section reflects that the learner has done due diligence to become well-read on the topic and can demonstrate that this research concept might add to the existing body of research and knowledge on the topic. It synthesizes the information from the chapter to define the gaps or identified research needs arising from the literature and the theories or models to provide the foundation for the study.]


[Insert your title. Follow current edition guidance for creating a title. The title should be a statement and not a question. It should summarize the main idea of the paper. It should be concise and include the variables in the research and their relationship.]
[Include an introduction before the background of the topic. Restate the topic and address the significance of the study from the literature review. Then, provide a road map covering the primary sections of the concept paper. This should be no longer than a paragraph (5–7 sentences). It does not need a heading.]


[The background of your study is a modified version of your literature review. It reflects the most important points from the main ideas of the literature review. Provide a summary of those main points that highlight the gaps in the literature.]

Research Problem

[The research problem is an extension of the research background. This section should include an explicit statement of the research. It needs to address what the research literature states we know, what the literature indicates we know, and what we don’t know, based on the literature. This should be a succinct yet detailed paragraph of 5–7 sentences.]

Research Question

[Your research question should be stated as a question. It should address the research problem addressed in the previous section. State it as a question. Include the hypothesis, null hypothesis, and alternative hypothesis.]

Goals and Objectives

[State the goals of this study as if you were going to conduct it or pursue a research proposal. Think about the significance of conducting a study like this and the impact it could have. State the goals in a succinct paragraph of 4–6 sentences. List at least three objectives (what the purpose of the study would be) in numerical form. You may add more if needed.]

  1. Goal one.
  2. Goal two.
  3. Goal three.


Population and Sample

[Discuss the setting, general population, target population, and study sample. The discussion of the sample includes the research terminology specific to the type of sampling for the study. When describing the general population consider this as an example:

  • the general population (such as students with disabilities).
  • target population (such as students with disabilities in one specific location).
  • the study sample (students with disabilities in the district who will participate in the study—actual study sample).

When describing the sample size, provide evidence that the sample size is adequate for the research design. If you used the statistical flowchart from the media piece, you should have an appropriate statistical test. As a rule of thumb, consider the following:

  • Absolute minimum: 50 cases or participants applicable to studies that use frequencies or descriptive statistics and parametric statistical tests (t-tests, ANOVA, correlation, regression analysis). Additional requirements related to the use of certain statistical analysis procedures may increase that number. Survey research = 10 subjects per survey question.
  • An a-priori Power Analysis is required to justify the study sample size based on the anticipated effect size and selected design. Include this in addition to using the literature to support your choices.]

Methodology and Procedures

Quantitative Research

[Define and describe quantitative research. Identify, define, and describe the research design.]

Instruments. [Provide a detailed discussion of the instrumentation and data collection that includes validity and reliability of the data. Describe the structure of each data collection instrument and data sources (tests, questionnaires, interviews, observations data bases, media, and so on). Specify the type and level of data collected with each instrument.]

Data Collection. [Describe the procedures for the actual data collection that would allow replication of the study by another researcher, including how each instrument or data source would be used, how, and where data would be collected and recorded.]

Data Analysis. [Address the what, why, and how of data analysis. Identify what statistical nonstatistical analysis would be used. Discuss why the statistical analysis is the best selection. Demonstrate how the statistical analysis selected aligns with the research question and design.]