Management of Information Systems
Read the case that you are assigned to and answer 3 open questions at the end of the case.
- While answering the questions, you must make reference to the theory studied in class and provide examples to support your points.
- It is a take-home assignment. The written answers should be upload to the Moodle via Turn-it-in. The submission deadline is 28th November, 2021 (23:59).
- The total wordcount for all answers should not exceed 700 words
This task is worth 30% of your overall grade for this subject.
It assesses the following learning outcomes:
- Distinguish between the main types of information systems and innovative methods of reducing costs and improving service through management information systems.
- Assess challenges related to (1) the adoption of new technology by employees and customers, and (2) the implementation strategy and processes.
DP (Dubai Ports) World has reason to be proud of its accomplishment of becoming one of the leading terminal operators in the world. Today, DP World has 60 terminals across 6 continents, and 11 new terminals are under development. The firm employs an international professional team of more than 30,000 people to serve customers in some of the most dynamic economies in the world.
DP World has adopted a customer-centric approach to enhancing its customers’ supply chains by providing quality, innovative services to effectively manage container, bulk, and other terminal cargo. The firm invests heavily in terminal infrastructures, technologies, and people to best serve its customers.
Like other global port and terminal operators, DP World helps shippers around the world address the often complex and costly challenges of managing the supply chain. One of the typical problems encountered in container terminal operations is traffic congestion at port entry points. This congestion is often due to delays introduced by lengthy procedures and paper-based logistics. In response, DP World has introduced many IT-based solutions to enhance terminal capacity utilization. These solutions include the electronic custom release of cargo, electronic data interchange (EDI) reporting, two-way digital radio communications, and the “e-token” advanced booking system.
DP World management wanted to take things a step further and decided to make the loading and unloading of containers operate on “just in time” principles to improve container turnaround. It found that radio frequency identification (RFID) technology was an effective way of increasing the efficiency of truck movements through port access gates. Today, DP World uses RFID-enabled automatic gate systems at the port terminals it operates in Dubai and Australia. According to Mohammed Al Muallem, managing director of DP World UAE, the introduction of an automated gate system would not only eliminate traffic congestion but would also help to eliminate a number of lengthy procedures, increasing productivity at the ports, and improving customer satisfaction. This will in turn increase the turnaround of shipping goods.
Prior to the RFID deployment, DP World spent several months performing proof-of-concept trials involving several competing RFID suppliers. Because of the rugged environmental conditions at the ports, DP World required that 99.5 percent of all tags be read successfully, which was a key challenge for many vendors. After extensive testing and evaluation, DP World selected Identec Solutions, a global leader in active wireless tracking solutions, as its RFID supplier.
How does the RFID tracking system work? Trucks that visit a port terminal are equipped with active RFID tags supplied by Identec Solutions that are fixed on the rear chassis. As a truck moves towards the gate, its unique tag ID number is read by an RFID reader, which is integrated with an automated gate system. At the gate, an optical character recognition (OCR) system determines if the truck is loaded with a container, identifies the ID number of the truck’s container, and reads the truck license plate number as a backup identification. The system uses the supplied information to automatically issue a ticket to the driver that specifies the lane the truck should proceed to in order to load or unload the container. The system can also automatically determine if the truck is on time, which is essential information for the efficient pickup and drop off of containers. As the truck leaves the gate, the RFID tag is read once again, and the driver receives a receipt for the completed transaction.
RFID has enabled DP World to increase the productivity of container handoffs, speed the entry and exit of trucks through terminal gates, and increase fuel efficiency. Victoria Rose, regional office project coordinator at DP World Sydney maintained that RFID would improve gate efficiency through improved truck management, reducing queues and congestion around gates, and removing the number of trucks from public roads by streamlining procedures.
Identec’s RFID-based solution has also enabled DP World to improve customer satisfaction by enhancing the efficiency of customers’ supply chains through smoother, faster, and more effective delivery of their containers at terminal gates. The elimination of lengthy paper transactions and manual inspections at gates and the reduction in manual data input errors demonstrate DP World’s customer-centric approach to delivering a superior level of service. The technology also allows transport companies to save time, increase revenues, and reduce costs.
DP World’s use of RFID has also helped it to tighten security by providing better accuracy on inbound and outbound truck movements through the terminals. For instance, the system can automatically check whether a truck has a booking and whether it is authorized to enter the port.
As a next step, DP World will consider expanding its use of RFID-enabled scanning and tracking technology to further optimize supply chain flow. In the future, Rose hopes DP World will focus on investigating its use within the yard, and how data captured can be used.
In 2014, DP World was still going strong, acquiring Economic Zones World for $2.6 billion in cash. Their main goal was to acquire the Jebel Ali Free Zone, a 22 square mile plot of land near DP World’s Container port. DP World’s RFID technologies will be essential to optimizing the use of this new acquisition.
- Where do the cost savings in a project such as RFID at Dubai Ports arise? Who are the beneficiaries?
- The case refers to “proof of concept” trials. What do you think could have been some of the technological challenges in the RFID implementation? How might these have been overcome?
- You are a manager at a DP World port that is about to install the Identec solution. What would you want to know about the implementation?
|Excellent 90-100%||Good 80-89%||Fair 70-79%||Marginal Fail 60-69%||Fail <60%|
|Student demonstrates thorough understanding of content.||Student demonstrates considerable under- standing of content.||Student demonstrates some understanding of content.
||Student demonstrates limited understanding of content.||Student demonstrates no understanding of content.|
|Critical-thinking (20%)||There is good evidence of critical appraisal of ideas and concepts, the insights are outstanding||Evidence of critical analysis is generally weak but is at a reasonable level for this point in Entrepreneurial knowledge||There is some evidence of critical appraisal of ideas and concepts, but the analysis and insights are rudimentary in terms of the Entrepreneurship area||There is very limited evidence of critical appraisal of ideas and concepts and those that are offered are weak||There is limited or no evidence of critical appraisal of ideas and concepts|
|Applies knowledge and skills in familiar contexts with a high degree of effectiveness, providing relevant examples that support points.
||Applies knowledge and skills in familiar contexts with considerable effectiveness, providing some relevant examples that make a good attempt at supporting points.||Applies knowledge and skills in familiar contexts with some effectiveness, providing examples although some may lack relevance or provide limited support.||Applies knowledge and skills in familiar contexts with limited effectiveness, few/ irrelevant examples provided.||No application of possible knowledge or skills. No examples provided.|
|Uses conventions, vocabulary, and terminology of the discipline with a high degree of effectiveness.||Uses conventions, vocabulary, and terminology of the discipline with considerable effectiveness.||Uses conventions, vocabulary, and terminology of the discipline with some effectiveness.||Uses conventions, vocabulary, and terminology of the discipline with limited effectiveness.||Lack of use of conventions, vocabulary, and terminology of the discipline.|