Formal Outline

Student Name
Professor Dybala
Engl 1302: CRN #####
10 November 2021
Formal Outline for Essay Two: Classical Scheme of Argumentation
Follow this outline sentence-by-sentence when you write Essay Two and type directly into this form. Be sure to lead up to your argumentative thesis in the introduction and begin each body paragraph (Section III-VI) with a topic sentence that refers back to a subtopic stated in the thesis. Paragraphs II and VII should also begin with a topic sentence that states a narrowed focus and your purpose.
Essay Two must include all parts of this outline. Notice the pattern of development for subtopic one and two versus subtopic three and four. All four paragraphs include a minimum of seven sentences. On this outline, subtopic one and two include two quotations from the story whereas subtopic three and four include only one quote from the story, but you can choose either option for any of the subtopic paragraphs. If you follow the pattern with one quote, you must analyze more parts of the quote in three sentences rather than one sentence of analysis for each quote. You may choose either pattern of development in paragraphs III-VI as long as you follow one of the two options. Copy and paste the outline for the structure that you are using in that paragraph: two quotes or one quote.
Write your own interpretative analysis of the story you have selected. The sample sentences are provided as models of how to follow the formal outline guidelines. Although you may state a similar idea, you must use your own words.
I. Introduction (3-4 sentences)
A. Introduce topic: State the author and title of the short story (in quotation marks)
and topic to capture the readers’ attention.
Helena Maria Viramontes’ short story “The Moths” introduces a fourteen-year- old narrator and her struggle to overcome the ridicule of her sisters and the abuse of her father.
Or
Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s short story “The Word Love” depicts the difficult
challenges the narrator confronts when embracing a new culture in the Unites States while always holding on to her memory of her mother and her home in India.
B. Add more information about the topic to suggest the significance of the work.
Although she reacts defensively at first, her grandmother or Abuelita, provides the stability she needs.
Or
Realizing that her assimilation into American culture will upset her mother, she is
unable to be honest about her new lifestyle with her boyfriend Rex.
C. State thesis: Narrow topic more specifically and state your claim and suggest four
subtopics (Organizing principle of your essay—most important sentence)
The narrator’s identity is traumatized by her family’s resistance to her unconventional gender role until she finds acceptance and strength in the presence of her Abuelita whose guidance enables her to feel loved unconditionally, to find refuge in her garden, to contemplate her inner spirituality, and to support her grandmother as she dies.
Or
The narrator’s struggle to be an acceptable daughter and to follow her heart in her romantic relationship enable her to redefine love and her goal to live life fully for herself when she rehearses the words she will tell her mother, remembers the rejection her mother has expressed toward her choices, realizes that Rex also wants to control her, and in her final epiphany, recognizes her power to overcome the crisis by becoming herself.
II. Expository paragraph: This paragraph demonstrates your expertise on
this topic and identifies terms or explains pertinent background information. (Ethical appeal) (5-7 Sentences) Refer to the links of websites on the authors posted in Canvas or the introduction to the story by the editor of the anthology, Nicolas Kanellos, in the case of Viramontes’ story (304). You may want to relate the story to your knowledge of traditional cultural expectations or gender stereotypes. Use MLA style to cite any source that you include.
A. State the topic: What kind of background information will you describe?
Viramontes’ focus on her own Mexican American cultural heritage provides the inspiration to reinvent its meaning through powerful female characters.
Or
Divakaruni’s examination of the Indian tradition of arranged marriage enables her to both celebrate and question her cultural legacy.
B. Select relevant details from the website to enhance your argument and prepare
the reader for your defense.
C. Discuss the information.
D. Continue to discuss the author’s background.
E. Relate this information to your thesis.
F. Close the paragraph
III. Confirmation Section: Four paragraph body developing the evidence to support your thesis.
Subtopic One (See alternate arrangement with only one quote in paragraph V and
VI.) You may include either one or two quotes in each paragraph of the confirmation section as long as you develop the paragraph with a minimum of 7 sentences.
A. Topic Sentence: State the topic of this paragraph and your claim about it.
The adolescent protagonist reacts vengefully to her sister’s ridicule, but her Abuelita’s soothing remedy enables her to recover.
Or
The protagonist intends to reveal her relationship with her boyfriend to her mother and practices in front of the bathroom mirror so that Rex will not hear her indicating her lack of autonomy in both relationships.
B. Elaborate on the topic
C. Introduce a quote and state it. Use quotation marks and punctuate in MLA style!
When she tries to explain her emotional reaction to Rex, she tells herself: “I will
not feel apologetic” (58).
D. Explain your interpretation of the quote. Analyze its significance to your thesis!
E. Introduce next quote and state it.
F. Discuss the quote. Do not simply paraphrase or restate it: analyze it. Do not use the
words of the quote to discuss it.
G. Transition to the next paragraph: close this paragraph and introduce the next.
IV. Confirmation Section: Subtopic Two
A. Topic Sentence: State the topic of this paragraph and your claim about it.
B. Elaborate on the topic
C. Introduce a quote and state it. Use quotation marks and punctuate in MLA style!
D. Explain your interpretation of the quote.
E. Introduce next quote and state it.
F. Discuss the quote by explaining how it supports your topic sentence.
G. Transition to the next paragraph
V. Confirmation Section: Subtopic Three
A. Topic Sentence: Introduce the topic of this paragraph and your claim about it.
B. Elaborate on the topic
C. Introduce a quote and its context in the story and state it.
D. Explain your interpretation of the quote.
E. Continue to discuss the quote by analyzing a particular word choice in the passage.
F. Discuss the symbolic aspect of the passage.
G. Transition to the next paragraph
VI. Confirmation Section: Subtopic Four
A. Topic Sentence: Introduce the topic of this paragraph and your claim about it.
B. Elaborate on the topic
C. Introduce a quote and its context in the story and state it.
D. Explain its significance to your interpretation.
E. Continue to discuss the quote by analyzing a particular word choice or
punctuation mark or the sentence structure in the passage.
F. Discuss the ramifications of the passage.
G. Transition to the next paragraph
VII. Concession and Refutation (You may decide to divide this section into two paragraphs by explaining an alternative interpretation of this story and its merits in this paragraph; then, explaining its flaws in the next.)
A. Topic sentence: Acknowledge a strong opposing view to your thesis
Another critic may argue that the narrator rebels against her family and the Catholic church due to her rejection of the female roles it requires that she does not support.
Or
Some critics argue that the narrator’s relationship with her mother is lost because she places her romantic relationship with Rex above her love for her mother.
B. Explain the appeal of this position and introduce a quote to support it.
C. Discuss the quote.
D. Juxtapose this position to your position on the topic.
E. Reemphasize why your interpretation is more appealing than your opponent’s.
F. You may discuss another opposing argument or close with more explanation in
defense of your thesis.
VIII. Conclusion
A. Restate (do not simply repeat) your thesis with a bolder claim.
B.-C. Clarify any questions your analysis may have posed. Add a final assertion to provoke the reader to reconsider their interpretation or to apply your points to their own lives (Avoid condescending or commanding tone).